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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 12. 王玉婷(2002),「中國大陸普通股與美國存託憑證間報酬波動性與外溢效果研究」,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 16. 蕭守成(2006),「上市公司發行海外存託憑證對股價報酬率及股價波動性之影響」,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 20. 臺灣證券交易所(2010),「TDR審查重點說明」,2010年「外國企業來台上市輔導人員教育訓練」
  4. 1. Ely, D., and M. Salehizadeh (2001), “American Depositary Receipts: An Analysis of International Stock Price Movements” International Review of Financial Analysis, 10, 343-363.
  5. 3. Hsiao, J-L, and H-H Liu (2002), “International Information Transmission of Stock Return and Volatility: The Case of ADRs and Their Underlying Stocks” Working Paper
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 戴允華(2010)。家長對雙語現象和雙語教育的態度調查:以台北縣文山區為例。臺東大學進修部台灣語文教師碩(暑期)學位論文。2010。1-108。 
  2. 張煌義(2011)。臺灣初次公開上市股票與臺灣存託憑證之異常報酬分析。臺灣大學財務金融組學位論文。2011。1-74。 
  3. 陳怡君(2011)。臺中市臺語海口腔的語言態度研究。臺灣師範大學台灣文化及語言文學研究所學位論文。2011。1-104。
  4. 林逸修(2012)。台灣存託憑證股價是可預測嗎?。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2012。1-38。
  5. 游舒帆(2012)。遊戲融入台羅拼音─以基隆市八斗地區兩國小五年級為例。臺灣師範大學台灣文化及語言文學研究所學位論文。2012。1-254。
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