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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李宥翰(2007) ”股票報酬非線性平滑轉換自我迴歸模型實證研究”淡江大學財務金融學系碩論文”。
  2. 潘聖潔、黃永昇、吳博欽(2011) “現金流量風險值之估計”臺灣社會科學引文索引(TSSCI)期刊,管理與系統,第18卷第一期,頁35-70。
  3. Abhyankar, A. H. (1995), “ Return and Volatility Dynamics in the FTSE–100 StockIndex and Stock Index Futures Markets.” The Journal of Futures Markets 15(4), 457–488.
  4. Arshanapalli, B. and J. Doukas (1997), “ The Linkages of S&P500 Stock Index FuturesPrices During October 1987.” Journal of Economics and Business 49, 253–266.
  5. Bacon, D. W. and Watts, D. G. (1971), “ Estimating the Transition between Two Intersecting Straight Lines.” Biometrika, 58, 525-534.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陸美祈(2013)。縣市合併對都市發展邊緣化之影響研究 —以臺南市曾文溪以北地區為例。長榮大學土地管理與開發學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-165。 
  2. 呂學記(2014)。新北市改制後之發展策略。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2014。1-137。 
  3. 王紫璇(2012)。鄉鎮市長民選改官派對地方事務之影響—以臺中市為例。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2012。1-217。
  4. 蔡鼎元(2012)。區域整併與地方治理-以大台中市為例。中正大學政治學系學位論文。2012。1-94。
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