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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 126 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 21.黃沛榮主編(1994)。當前語文問題論文集。臺北:國立臺灣大學中國文學系。
  2. 21.張金蘭(2009)。「識寫分流」教學策略對外籍生漢字識寫能力之影響─以非漢字圈零起點學生為主所做的調查。中原華語文學報,(3),55-74。
  3. 32.黃雅英(2009)。以字頻表為基礎的對外華語初級教材字彙通用性檢視。教科書研究,2(1),90。
  4. 3.張于忻、陳宛儂、姚淑婷(2009)。對外華語文識字教學研究─以兩岸常用字教學順序為例。載於2009華語文教師資教育國際學術研討會論文集(31-47),桃園縣中壢市:中原大學應用華語文學系。
  5. 5.張莉萍(2008)。對外漢語字集。論文發表於2008年臺灣華語文教學年會暨研討會。花蓮:慈濟大學。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何佳蓉(2011)。華語溝通教學活動設計與成效研究─以中文初級複習課為例。中原大學應用華語文研究所學位論文。2011。1-151。 
  2. 王韋傑(2016)。全目的語初級華語教材設計與教學研究。臺灣大學華語教學碩士學位學程 學位論文。2016。1-181。 
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