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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] 林正凱,2004,考慮需求變動及多次訂購之回收性商品存貨模式,私立中原大學,工業工程所,碩士論文
  2. [3] 藍偉鳴,2005,資金限制下營收分享與買回政策之報童問題,私立中原大學,工業工程所,碩士論文
  3. [7] 方翠瑩,2004,產品通路整合下報童問題之定購策略,私立中原大學,工業工程所,碩士論文
  4. [8] David Simchi-Levi, Philip Kaminsky and Edith Simchi-Levi (2003), Designing and managing the supply chain: concepts, strategies, and case studies, Seconds Edition, McGraw Hill, North America
  5. [9] Richard B. Chase, F. Robert Jacobs and Nicholas J. Aquilano (2004), Operations Management For Competitive Advantage, Tenth Edition, McGraw Hill, North America
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李彌瑀(2010)。降低網際網路商店退貨率之研究─以國內某知名傢俱居家修繕中心為例。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-73。
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