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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 256 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方德隆(2001)。學校本位課程發展的理論基礎。課程與教學,4(2), 1-24。
  2. 王全興(2005)。教育行政領導的意涵、理論與學校本位經營之運用。學校行
  3. 王奕婷(2004)。我國高等教育行銷之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所
  4. 王嘉陵(2001)。學校本位課程發展的歷程與困境:一所國民小學之個案研
  5. 朱淑英(2002)。台北市國民小學學校本位管理實施現況之研究。國立台北師
Times Cited (18) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳小曼(2014)。少子化趨勢的學校因應策略-以某私立女中為例。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-132。 
  2. 王淑玲(2011)。新北市國中教師對少子化的知覺與班級經營之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-164。 
  3. 蔡之民(2013)。桃園縣大溪國中文宣影像創作。中原大學商業設計研究所學位論文。2013。1-106。 
  4. 張雄騰(2011)。耕耘~另一畝心田 一位卓越校長的學校經營。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-210。 
  5. 楊靖芳(2011)。高雄市幼教老師對少子化壓力認知及其工作滿足、工作投入與離職傾向關係之研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-112。 
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