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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文科(2000)。教育研究法。台北:五南。
  2. 江文慈(2006)。主動學習:把學習的主體找回來。世新大學教學卓越電子報,1。2006年11月22日,取自
  3. 吳耀明(2005)。問題本位學習在國小自然科之應用研究。新竹教育大學學報,21,35-73。
  4. 李世代(2004)。教師對問題導向學習之態度與意見。教師對問題導向學習之態度與意見。醫學教育,1(1),86-88。
  5. 李亞珊(2005)。統合分析研究法簡介。竹師體育,3,24-28。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇惠玉(2008)。以問題解決導向數位學習遊戲探究國小學生認知能力。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-200。 
  2. 溫郁琳(2014)。超越保存的維護-談問題本位學習應用於文化資產保存教育。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2014。1-203。 
  3. 郭炯廷(2011)。問題本位學習對六年級學童的問題解決能力 與環境態度之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-136。 
  4. 陳美華(2009)。「問題本位學習」對國二學生數學學習態度 與數學學習策略之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-201。 
  5. 廖遠光(Yuen-Kuang Liao);張澄清(Cheng-Ching Chang)(2013)。問題本位學習對學生學業成就與高層次思考能力影響之後設分析。當代教育研究季刊。21(4)。1-40。 
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