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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 134 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑俐(1997)。教師的情緒管理與人際衝突(上)。師友月刊,135,頁17-20。
  2. 江文慈(1991)。透視教學中的關鍵張力—教師情緒。師友月刊,6月號,頁43-47。
  3. 江文慈(1993)。教育改革中的教師情緒。師友月刊,10月號,頁1-5。
  4. 江岷欽(1993)。組織分析,臺北:五南文化。
  5. 吳勁甫(2002)。競值架構應用在國民小學校長領導行為與學校組織效能關係之研究。國立高雄師範大學教育學系碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳勁甫(2007)。競值架構應用在國民小學校長領導行為、學校組織文化與組織效能關係之研究。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-317。
  2. 薛仲平(2009)。臺北市國民中學校長競值領導與組織氣氛關係之研究。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-183。
  3. 張伯瑲(2011)。競值架構應用在國民小學校長領導行為 、學校組織文化與教學效能關係之研究。政治大學學校行政碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-236。
  4. 黃孟菁(2013)。中學體育教師自我效能、教學快樂感及創新體育教學與教學成效之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2013。1-125。
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