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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王如哲(2000)。知識管理的理論與應用。臺北市:五南。
  2. 田玲瑚(2002)。九年一貫課程實施下國民小學教師專業發展之研究-以臺南縣為例。國立高雄師範大學教育學系碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
  3. 余錦漳(2001)。國民小學組織學習與教師專業成長之相關因素研究。國立高雄師範大學成人教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。.
  4. 吳佩珊(2006)。高雄市國民小學教師專業成長、學校創新氣氛與學校效能關係之研究。國立高雄師範大學教育學系碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
  5. 吳雨錫(2002)。國民小學校長教學領導與教師專業成長關係之研究。臺中師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺中市。
Times Cited (16) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林青青(2012)。新北市國中教師知識分享與教學效能之相關研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-177。 
  2. 王艷蕉(2011)。國民中學教師賦權增能與學校組織氣氛知覺相關之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-188。 
  3. 吳敏惠(2009)。國民小學校長領導風格、學校組織氣氛與教師組織承諾之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-147。 
  4. 張興東(2008)。政府及非營利會計教學之現況與未來-以我國大學校院為例。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2008。1-56。 
  5. 林千卉(2011)。我國不同師資培育畢業生在國民中學 教師專業表現之比較研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-180。 
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