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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 148 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余秀麗(2003)。探討國中三年級學生對於重力概念之瞭解及心智模式。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所博士論文,未出版,台北。
  2. 林家平(2001)。國小學童光合作用概念之分析研究。國立台北師範科學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 林財庫(2004)。中小學生物質微粒模式之迷思概念的診斷工具和分析方法。科學教育學刊,12(2),183-218。
  4. 林顯輝(1994)。國小兒童水循環概念之研究。行政院國科會專題研究計畫成果報告。(計畫編號:NSC 81-0111-S-153-02),未出版。
  5. 林顯輝(2003)。國小學童物理科學迷思概念研究:大氣壓力部份與地球運動部份(IV)(2/2)。行政院國科會專題研究計畫成果報告。(計畫編號:NSC 89-2511-S-
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃鈺翔(2008)。國中生微觀粒子概念的發展。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2008。1-199。
  2. 李明鴻(2009)。高中生氣體概念的發展。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2009。1-169。
  3. 吳智凱(2009)。國中生對「水」概念理解的進展。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2009。1-160。
  4. 柏昱丞(2014)。國中生「二段式光學迷思概念診斷測驗」發展與應用。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-103。
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