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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王金泉(2004)。九年級學生科學寫作與學習成就之探討-以「溫度與熱」為例。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  2. 林素雯(2003)。指導讀寫策略以提升學生科學寫作能力之行動研究。國立台北師範學院數理教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 林國凍(2004)。國小專家教師生活課程教學知識之研究。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 胡瑞萍、林陳涌(2002)。寫作與科學學習。科學教育月刊,253,2-18。
  5. 許銘欽(2001)。認識九年一貫中生活課程。新講台,5,16-21。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊麗翠(2012)。運用5E學習環融入國小低年級以『空氣』為主題之課程設計及教學成效評估。朝陽科技大學應用化學系學位論文。2012。1-132。
  2. 周麗莉(2012)。運用5E學習環融入國小低年級以『光』為主題的課程設計及教學成效評估。朝陽科技大學應用化學系學位論文。2012。1-122。
  3. 歐建榮(2013)。嵌入數位遊戲於5E學習環教學法對八年級學生學習光學概念之成效評估。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-121。
  4. 張瓊瑜(2014)。五E學習環教學法融入國小二年級生活課程的學習成效之探討--以沙和土為例。朝陽科技大學應用化學系學位論文。2014。1-126。
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