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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 138 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳怡靜(2004)。合作式實驗活動對國一低成就學生科學過程技能影響之個案研究。國立
  2. 吳復中(2001)。概念生態對國中學生呼吸作用概念發展之影響。國立臺灣師範大學生物
  3. 學習認知的基礎(初版)(The cognitive psychology of school learning)。臺
  4. 林家平(2001)。國小學童光合作用概念之分析研究。國立台北師範學院數理教育研究所
  5. (Educational Psychology: A Cognitive Approah.)。臺北:遠流。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳建樺(2009)。問題本位學習對四年級學童問題解決、批判思考及概念改變之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-162。 
  2. 李慈惠(2012)。科學玩具融入教學對國小四年級學童昆蟲單元學習影響之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-164。
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