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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7.倪寒芬(2006),創業團隊與專業經理人價值契合歷程之研究-以台灣高科技公司為例。台灣大學國際企業研究所碩士論文。
  2. 14.諸承明(2000),「親信關係與員工績效評估之關聯性研究-從差序格局探討主管對部屬的評估偏差」。管理評論,第十九卷,第三期,頁125-147。
  3. 16.鄭伯壎、林家五(1998),「差序格局與華人組織行為:台灣大型民營企業的初步研究」。中央研究院民族學研究所集刊,第86期,頁29-72。
  4. 1.Becker, H. S. ( 1960), “Note on the concept of commitment.” American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 66, pp.32-42.
  5. 2.Borman (1997), “W. C., 360∘Ratings: An Analysis of Assumptions and a Research Agenda for Evaluating Their Validity”, Human Resource Management Review, Vol. 7, No. 3.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曹慧君(2016)。台灣家族企業傳承模式探討-企業主觀點之交班決策。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-78。 
  2. 袁堯福(2013)。以跨時期觀點觀察專業經理人之專業能力與社會文化能力在家族企業中的展現。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-142。 
  3. 賴燕青(2012)。領導者定位、領導者行為對部屬情緒耗竭影響之研究-心理定位理論之觀點。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-68。 
  4. 林南志(2012)。追隨者定位、追隨者行為與領導者對部屬滿意度之研究—心理定位之觀點。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-71。 
  5. 卓明德(2012)。領導行為、追隨行為與領導效能關係之研究 —領導者與追隨者對偶心理定位之觀點。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-123。 
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