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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方平煌(2003),高階管理者的人格特質、領導風格對內部控制制度執行成效之影響研究,國立成功大學EMBA碩士論。
  2. 李長貴(1998),組織行為,華泰文化事業股份有限公司。
  3. 林月雲(2001),企業內部知識種類及其移轉方式之研究-人際關係類型與行為導向之影響觀點,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 林滿祝(2002),交易式/轉換式領導風格對於員工態度之關聯性研究--以親信關係及員工人格特質為情境變項,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 洪榮進(2003),中鋼與燁聯公司企業文化之比較,國立成功大學EMBA碩士論文。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃鈴鈞(2012)。國際化金融機構導入資訊系統關鍵成功因素之研究。淡江大學資訊管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-95。 
  2. 黃祖瑞(2008)。汽車業零件物流管理資訊系統的研究以中華汽車為例。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-82。 
  3. 黃慧婷(2012)。國民小學校長完全領導、知識管理、學校行銷與學校效能關係之研究:以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-260。 
  4. 吳俊穎(2007)。胃癌侵襲性的分子生物標記:OPN-uPA-MMPs Pathway分子的表現與變異。臺灣大學臨床醫學研究所學位論文。2007。1-182。 
  5. 劉小鄉(2011)。駐臺機構員工文化價值差異與因應策略之研究—以A機構為例。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系人力資源碩士在職進修專班學位論文。2011。1-204。
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