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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Aaker, D. A., 1988, “Strategy Market Management”, 2nd ed., New York: John Wiley and Sons Inc.
  2. Ansoff, I. H., 1984, “Implanting Strategic Management”, UK: Prentice Hall International LTD.
  3. Leidecker, J. K. and Bruno, A.V., 1984, “Identifying and Using Critical Success Factors”, Long Rang Planning, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 23-32.
  4. Martin, E.W., 1982, “Critical Success Factors of Chief MIS/DP Executives”, MIS Quarterly, vol. 6, no. 2, pp.1-9.
  5. Munro, M. C. and Wheeler, B. R., 1980, “Planning Critical Success Factors, and Management’s Information Requirement”, MIS Quarterly, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1-9.
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 谷婉琳(2010)。兩岸電機電子產業國際驗證服務之品牌權益、關係行銷對再購意願影響之研究 ─以新產品績效為干擾變數。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-132。 
  2. 吳慧如(2009)。國際驗證產業生態之研究。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-104。 
  3. 鄒菀宜(2011)。大陸人士來台對台灣觀光商機評析之研究。臺北科技大學管理學院工業工程與管理EMBA專班學位論文。2011。1-71。 
  4. 鄭和彬(2008)。筆記型電腦噪音標準制定與認證系統之研究。臺北科技大學管理學院工業工程與管理EMBA專班學位論文。2008。1-72。 
  5. 陳世榮(2009)。平價迷你筆記型電腦之關鍵成功因素。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-73。
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