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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. (3) Lang, L.; J, Chromatogr. Polychlorinated biphenyls in the environment. 1992, A595, 1-43。
  2. (4)Schwartz, P.M. ; Jacobson S.W. ; Fein, G. ; Jacobson, J.L. ; Price, H.A. Lake Michigan fish consumption as a source of polychlorinated biphenyls in human cord serum, maternal serum, and milk. 1983, Am. J. Public Health 73, 293-296。
  3. (8)Jones, K.C. Determination of PCBs in human foodstuffs and tissues; suggest ions for a selective congener analytical approach. 1998, Sci. Total Environ. 68, 141-159。
  4. (9) Danse, IR. ; Jaeger, R.; Kava, R. ; Kroger, M. ; London, W.M. ; Lu, F.C. ; Maickel, R.P. ; McKetta, J.J. ; Newell, G.W. ; Shindell, C. ; Stare, F.J. ; Whelan, E.M. Position Paper of the American council on Science and Health: Public health concerns about environmental PCBs. Ecotoxicol Environ. 1997, Saf. 38, 71-84。
  5. (11)許菁芳;廖寶琦;郭育良;油症患者血液中多氯聯苯、多氯戴奧辛、多氯呋喃同源與肝功能異常之相關性研究,國立成功大學環境醫學研究所碩士論文,2000,16。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳秉修(2015)。高雄地區大氣中多氯聯苯濃度之時空變化。中山大學海洋環境及工程學系研究所學位論文。2015。1-89。
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