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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周武昌(2004)。國民中小學校務評鑑之評析—以新竹縣為例。中等教育,55(2),28-38。
  2. 林和春、張素貞(2004)。縣市規劃辦理國中小校務評鑑之實務探究—以桃園縣為例。載於國立臺灣師範大學教育研究中心主編,教育評鑑回顧與展望學術研討會手冊(頁235-246)。臺北:國立臺北師範大學教育研究中心。
  3. 曹榕浚(2005)。桃園縣幼稚園後設評鑑之研究。國立臺北師範學院教育政策與管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 莊忠儒(2004)。臺北縣國民小學校務評鑑實施狀況調查研究。國立臺北師範學院教育政策與管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 郭昭佑(2000)。學校本位評鑑。臺北:五南。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林秋全(2010)。國民中小學教科書審定後設評鑑標準之研究。淡江大學課程與教學研究所碩士班學位論文。2010。1-311。 
  2. 鄧茜榕(2009)。桃園縣國民中學校務評鑑之後設評鑑研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-234。 
  3. 李忠霖(2011)。桃園縣國民中學特殊教育評鑑之後設評鑑研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-196。
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