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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何縕琪與張景媛(2003)。合作省思專業成長模式對國小教師的教學知識與信念與社群關係之影響。教育心理學報,34,2,157-178。
  2. 周進洋與陳雅智(1999)國中理化教師的行動研究:專業改變與學習社群,科學與教育學報,3,27-51。
  3. 林佩璇(2002)。行動研究的知識宣稱~教師實踐知識。國立臺北師範學院學報, 15,189~210。
  4. 林儀惠、張正杰、郭伯臣與楊智為(2008年5月)。互動式電子白板在國小數學教學之探討-以五年級面積單元為例。論文發表於國立台中教育大學主辦之「第四屆台灣數位學習發展」研討會,台中市。
  5. 高博銓(2008)。學校學習社群的發展與挑戰,中等教育 59(4),8-20。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李柏玲(2012)。實施創意教學在生活領域發展國小教師科技 學科教學知識之個案研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-151。 
  2. 張湄鈴(2011)。發展一份量表評估國小自然科教師的科技學科教學知識。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-151。 
  3. 謝麗媛(2011)。國小數學教師使用萬用揭示板發展TPACK之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-136。 
  4. 陳羿伶(2012)。互動式電子白板應用於國小教學對學生學習成效影響之後設分析。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2012。1-146。
  5. 王玉蘭(2013)。國小數學教師科技學科教學知識與社會網絡的延展與再思-以重構教學部落格為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2013。1-136。
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