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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 308 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王力恆(2006)。M. Bonnett環境教育思想研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。
  2. 王京明(1993)。永續發展的意義-老子哲學與能趨疲的觀點。經濟前瞻季刊,30,127-132.
  3. 王俊秀(1995)。全球變遷與變遷全球:環境典範轉型的論述。通識教育季刊,2(3),110-118。
  4. 王瑞香(譯)(1996)。環境倫理學—對自然界的義務與價值。台北:國立編譯館。(Rolston III, H., 1988. Environmental Ethics: Duties to and Values in the Natural World. Philadelphia : Temple University Press.)
  5. 王鑫(2000)。台灣特殊地理景觀。台北:交通部觀光局。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周邑駿(2012)。初探陽明山國家公園從業人員參與環境教育角色功能與態度。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-116。
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