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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 牛涵錚、謝覲宇,2014年,「創業家精神與生涯承諾關係之研究-以中小企業創業為例」,中小企業發展季刊,第32期6月出刊,台北市:經濟部中小企業處,頁69~98
  2. 5. 成玟儀,2014年,策略與商業模式間關係之初探 / 屏東科技大學企業管理研究所 / 碩士論文
  3. 10. 林琬翎, 2012年,微型企業在永續經營上之問題分析 / 國立台灣大學工學院工業工程學研究所 / 碩士論文
  4. 11. 林燕慧,2012年,探討小型企業使用關鍵字行銷之意圖-以金銀珠寶業為例 / 長榮大學國際企業學系 / 碩士論文
  5. 14. 康育全, 2010年,台灣金屬工藝設計產業鏈集發展政策之研究,朝陽科技大學 建築及都市設計研究所,碩士論文
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