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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王冠閔與吳書慧,(2006),「台灣股、匯市與美國股市傳導機制之實證分析」,運籌研究集刊,第十期,頁10-15。
  2. 3.呂安惇,(2009),「全球指數股票型基金之季節性外溢效果與槓桿效果分析」,中原大學企業管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
  3. 5.張鼎煥、張晏誠(2011), 「金融資產對黃金期貨報酬與風險傳遞效果之研究」,朝陽商管評論,第十卷第二期,頁95-111。
  4. 6.黃靜怡,(2014),「外溢效果和槓桿效果分析-以稀土礦產型ETF為實證」, 中原大學企業管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
  5. 10.廖偉真、雷立芬(2010),「不同樣本頻率之股市波動性估計—GARCH、TGARCH與E GARCH之比較」,臺灣銀行季刊,第六十一卷第四期,頁294-307。
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