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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 131 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王天苗、廖鳳瑞、蔡春美、盧明(1999)。台灣地區發展遲緩幼兒人口調查研究。特殊教育研究學刊,17,37-57。
  2. 李淑娥 (1995)。發展障礙幼童語言溝通問題評估。聽語會刊,11,25-36。
  3. 邢敏華(2008)。聽常與聽障嬰幼兒個案學習手語七個月後其語言與整體發展之效益初探,載於 特殊教育年刊 ─邁向成功的融合 , 303-316 頁。中華民國特殊教育學會。
  4. 林亭宇(2003)。普拉德-威利症候群兒童早期非語言溝通能力之研究。國立成功大學行為醫學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南市。
  5. 林麗英(1994)。雞同鴨講。台北:信誼。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李姝穎(Lee, Shu-Ying);劉秀丹(Liu, Hsiu-Tan)(2020)。手勢溝通教學對語言發展遲緩幼兒溝通能力之影響。溝通障礙教育。7。1-24。 
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