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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王純娟(2006)。一位喪兒父親的蛻變。中華輔導學報,20,1-50。
  2. 何長珠(2006)。悲傷影響因素之初探研究,生死學研究,第六期,80-92,南華大學生死學研究所出版。
  3. 李玉嬋(2002)。被遺忘的悲傷輔導對象—失去胎兒的孕母之悲傷輔導初探。諮商與輔導,199,18-22。
  4. 李明姝(2010)。基督教教牧輔導對憂鬱傾向者的影響歷程分析─以內在治癒模式為例。中原大學心理系研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  5. 李雅文(2006)。早年家庭暴力經驗與創傷修通對心理治療者效能影響之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系碩士論文,未出版。台北市
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 歐淑伊(2013)。加護病房護理人員照顧瀕死病人家屬哀傷反應的意願及其相關因素之初探。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-86。 
  2. 趙容瑄(2006)。府際關係與跨域管理機制之建構—行政院中部聯合服務中心之重構為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2006。1-289。 
  3. 郭祥瑞(2003)。臺北市議會功能運作之研究-以地方治理途徑分析。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所學位論文。2003。1-330。
  4. 彭韻如(2006)。原住民族基本權益之探討──以原住民基本法為例。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-158。
  5. 賴正裕(2009)。北北基三縣市合併案之研究。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-277。
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