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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 125 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何青蓉(1995)。從學習者特性論析我國成人識字教育之規劃。教育部委託,國立高雄師範大學成人教育研究所研究報告。
  2. 何青蓉(1999)。成人識字教材教法之研究。高雄:復文圖書出版社。
  3. 林君諭(2003)。東南亞外籍新娘識字學習之研究。國立台灣師範大學社會 教育研究所碩士論文,末出版,臺北。
  4. 唐文慧、蔡雅玉(2000)。全球化下的台灣越南新娘現象初探。全球化下的社會想像-國家經濟與杜會學術研討會論文集。台北:台灣大學。
  5. 夏曉娟(2003)。實踐式研究的在地實踐:【外籍新娘識字班】為例。台灣社會研究季刊, 49 , 1-47。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梅氏清泉(2012)。越籍新住民華語教材融入多元文化之研究。中原大學應用華語文研究所學位論文。2012。1-170。 
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