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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林志能和洪振方(2008)。論證模式分析及其評量要素。科學教育月刊,312,2-18。
  2. 003-002)。台北市:台灣師範大學數學系。
  3. 003-001)。台北市:台灣師範大學數學系(所)。
  4. 洪振方(1994)。從孔恩異例的認知與論證探討科學知識的重建。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所博士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 洪振方、林裕仁和魏子婷(2010)。專精教師與生手教師經營論證教學的分析與比較。科學教育學刊,18(3),205-227。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張夢萍(2014)。學習共同體結合合作學習策略於高級職業學校數學解題之行動研究。淡江大學課程與教學研究所碩士班學位論文。2014。1-187。 
  2. 蘇玉坪(2008)。中央與地方自治團體就警察事務權限劃分之研究-以日本法制為借鏡。臺北大學法律學系學位論文。2008。1-232。
  3. 張婷雯(2016)。新住民子女數學解題能力之研究-以桃園市一所國中為例。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2016。1-117。
  4. 蔡嘉琳(2016)。探究國中數學幾何圖形之輔助線。中原大學應用數學研究所學位論文。2016。1-85。
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