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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王盈惠(2005)。全球化下女性消費的反身性思考-女性購買資生堂化妝品之研究。台灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文。
  2. 王曉磊(2008)。廁所兩性使用人數比例參考基準值之建立-以大學系所院館建築為例。中華民國建築學會建築學報,64,49-66。
  3. 江昱仁,方捷,蔡進士,張文娟(2008)。都市河岸遊客動機、觀光意象與滿意度之研究。運動與遊憩研究,3(2),52-78。
  4. 吳易靜(2009)。臺中市百貨公司女性廁所使用滿意度之研究-以中友及新光三越百貨公司為例。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士在職專班論文。
  5. 李玉瑛(2009)。「我逛,故我在」:女性逛街購物的時間觀與自我。台灣社會學刊,43,43-91。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周期進(2010)。以產業文化地景探討環境永續發展之意義 —以鐵路平溪線為例—。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2010。1-80。 
  2. 馬禎娸(2017)。住宅衛浴空間的使用行為分析 以環境心理觀點。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2017。1-233。
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