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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Arromdee, P., V. I. Kuprianov, R. Kaewklum and K. Sirisomboon, “Experimental Study on Combustion of Sunflower Shells in a Pilot Swirling Fluidized-Bed Combustor”, Energy & Fuels, 24, 3850-3859 (2010).
  2. Bahillo, A., L. Armesto, A. Cabanillas, J. Otero, “Thermal Valorization of Footwear Leather Wastes in Bubbling Fluidized Bed Combustion”, Waste Management, 24, 935-944 (2004)
  3. Bergsma, F., “Abatement of NOx from Coal Combustion. Chemical Background and Present State of Technical Development” , Ind. Eng Chem. Process, 24(1), 1-7 (1985).
  4. De-Store, G. G., E. Croiset and J. R. Richard, “Heterogeneous N2O and NO formation from bound nitrogen during coal char combustion”, Symposium On Combustion, 23, 1257-1264 (1990).
  5. Dowd, B. M., D. Press, M. L. Huertos, “Agricultural nonpoint source water pollution policy: The case of California’s Central Coast”, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 128, 151-161 (2008)
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳致融(2012)。渦旋式流體化床燃燒爐中燃料特性對NOx排放之效應。中原大學化學工程研究所學位論文。2012。1-104。 
  2. 紀奕廷(2014)。流體化床燃燒爐中燃料分子結構對氮氧化物排放之研究。中原大學化學工程研究所學位論文。2014。1-126。
  3. 吳靜儒(2016)。為何支持太陽花學運?政黨認同或議題瞭解。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2016。1-68。
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