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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 20 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 許巧鶯、彭美珠 (2003),「海運公司之複合快速運送營運策略分析」,《運輸計劃季刊》,32,715-744。
  2. 8. 溫珮伶 (2005),《散裝海運市場運價決定機制及影響因素分析》,中原大學國際貿易學系碩士論文。
  3. 10. 張家祝、賈凱傑 (2002),「廠商全球供應鏈趨勢下之運籌發展」,《經濟前瞻》,80,123-126。
  4. 16. Bookbinder, J. H. and S.F. Neil (1998), “Intermodal Routing of Canada-Mexico Shipments under Nafta,” Transportation Research Part E, 2, 289-303.
  5. 17. Feng, M. C. and H.H. Huang (2005), “An Optimal Location Model of Rail Transshipment Center for Intercity Intermodal Logistics Transportation,” Transportation Planning Journal, 34, 469-500.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林瓊琳(2012)。陳雷和胡長松台語小說中的政治意識與歷史詮釋。台灣文學與跨國文化研究所。2012。1-99。
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