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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳勝儒(2000)。淺談特殊教育發展的方向。國小特殊教育,28,9-13。
  2. 汪宜霈、王志中(2002)。高雄市身心障礙兒童專業團隊中職能治療。職能治療學會雜誌。20,75-94。
  3. 林鋐宇(2006)。醫院治療師介入學校系統之現況與省思。身心障礙研究,4(2),97-118。
  4. 桃園縣政府教育局(2010)。桃園縣特殊教育白皮書。桃園縣政府行,桃園市。
  5. 孫世恒、王天苗(2004)。台灣地區特殊教育相關專業服務實施現況及意見調查之研究。特殊教育研究學刊,26,19-43。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張婉嫈(2013)。服務新北市學校系統之職能治療師人格特質與專業能力探討。臺灣大學職能治療研究所學位論文。2013。1-126。 
  2. 楊廣文(Guang-Wen Yang);成戎珠(Rong-Ju Cherng)(2013)。臺灣學校中特教專業團隊運作模式-系統性回顧。物理治療。38(4)。286-298。 
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