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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李芸綺,2014,「虛擬貨幣發展之探討」,台灣經濟研究月刊37卷1期,頁89-104。
  2. 楊馥安,2015,「虛擬貨幣的可投資性研究-以比特幣為例」,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. The Economist Special Report. (2015). "Slings and Arrows." The Economist. May, 2015.
  4. Engle, R. F., & Granger, C. W. J. (1987). "Co-integration and Error Correction: Representation, Estimation, and Testing." Econometrica, 55(2), 251-276.
  5. European Central Bank. (2012). "Virtual Currency Schemes. " ECB.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡容華(2017)。比特幣跨境價差交易。中原大學財務金融研究所學位論文。2017。1-49。
  2. 王怡茹(2018)。全球金融結構與科技變數-虛擬貨幣之研究。中興大學國際政治研究所學位論文。2018。1-96。
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