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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古明峰(1997)。加減法應用題語文知識對問題難度之影響暨動態評量在應用問題之學習與遷移歷程上研究(未出版的博士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  2. 沈詩芸(2009)。運用故事教學改進低年級學生數學加減法文字題解題表現之行動研究(未出版的碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學,臺北市。
  3. 何縕琪、林清山(1994)。表徵策略教學對提升國小低解題正確率學生解題表現之效果研究。教育心理學報,27,259-279。
  4. 洪敬傑(2010)。國小四年級學生對數學文字題的閱讀理解研究─以「整數加減法運算」為例(未出版的碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  5. 洪義德(2002)。不同表徵面積題目對國小六年級學生解題表現之探討(未出版的碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學,臺北市。。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 熊貴蓮(2014)。萬用揭示板運用在國小五年級學童等值分數補救教學之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-199。 
  2. 蔡瑋芝(2013)。特教巡迴輔導教師使用萬用揭示板融入輕度智能障礙學生乘法教學之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-124。 
  3. 蘇紋玉(2016)。資訊科技融入國小數學科學習成效之研究-以國小三年級時間單元為例。虎尾科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-85。
  4. 黃幼如(2016)。運用萬用揭示板發展國小特殊生認識錢幣教材之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-135。
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