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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王雅奇(2003)。六頂思考帽訓練課程對提昇國小資優生問題解決能力成效之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台灣師範大學,台北。
  2. 李筱雲(2009)。不同問題結構的問題本位學習對八年級學生自我導向科學學習表現之影響(未出版之碩士論文)。中原大學,桃園。
  3. 邱美虹(2000)。概念改變研究的省思與啟示。科學教育學刊,8 (1),1-34。
  4. 林淑慧(2003)。問題本位學習法在遠距教學環境的應用-理論探討與實例說明。技術及職業教育雙月刊,74,50-54。
  5. 林怡珊(2008)。自然科問題本位學習對六年級學生科學概念與科學學習動機之影響(未出版之碩士論文)。中原大學,桃園。
Times Cited (22) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝旻珊(2015)。女性水肺潛水者休閒動機、休閒涉入與休閒阻礙關係之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-152。 
  2. 李思霖(2014)。銀行業企業社會責任對顧客知覺價值之影響 -以品牌形象、顧客滿意度為中介效果。樹德科技大學金融系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-83。 
  3. 陳聖岳(2011)。蹼泳運動參與者行為傾向模式之研究。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-123。 
  4. 黃婷琪(2013)。高雄市蘭花商店服務品質、顧客滿意度與顧客忠誠度之研究。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2013。1-121。 
  5. 曾毓恩(2008)。騎乘自行車專業化程度與健康自評之關係。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-100。
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