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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梁記雯(2005)。高社交焦慮者的自傳式記憶特性—關於記憶清晰度的探討。國立政治大學心理學研究所碩士論文。[Liang, C. W. (2005). The Characteristics of Autobiographical Memory in High Social Anxiety: the Exploration of Memory Vividness. Master Thesis of National Chengchi University.]
  2. 劉惠青、葉在庭、黃惠君、劉珣瑛(2007)。某職業學校女學生常見精神疾病的盛行率。台灣精神醫學,21,218-224。[Liu, H. C., Yeh, Z. T., Huang, H. C., & Liu, S. L. (2007). The Prevalence of Common Mental Disorders in Female Students in a Vocational School. Taiwanese Journal of Psychiatry, 21, 218-224.]
  3. English Reference
  4. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., rev.). Washington, DC: Author.
  5. Arnold, K. M., McDermott, K. B., & Szpunar, K. K. (2011). Imagining the near and far future: The role of location familiarity. Memory & Cognition, 20, 712-719.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張承瑀(2017)。高社交焦慮者的解釋偏誤對未來思考的影響。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2017。1-122。 
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