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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 129 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王全世(2001)。資訊科技融入教學之意義與內涵。資訊與教育,80,23-31。
  2. 丘愛鈴(2009)。國小綜合活動學習領域創意課程與教學設計之分析-以全國創意教學獎優等方案為例。課程與教學,12(4),191 -221。
  3. 林秀玟(2005)。創意教學策略之研究─以國小生活程為例。國立台北師範學院自然科學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 林麗娟、洪久賢、洪榮昭、蔡長艷(2007)。影響教師創意教學因素之研究—以綜合活動領域為例。師大學報:教育類,52(2),49-71。
  5. 林雅玲(2003)。國中小創意教師教學策略與成效之研究。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張容蘋(2015)。國小五年級綜合活動學習領域創意教學之個案研究。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2015。1-141。 
  2. 王玉蘭(2013)。國小數學教師科技學科教學知識與社會網絡的延展與再思-以重構教學部落格為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2013。1-136。
  3. 陳嘉綺(2016)。國小在職數理教師自我調整學習能力與其科技學科教學知識之相關研究-以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-108。
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