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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. fractional random transform," Optics Communications, vol. 255, pp.
  2. [2] Soo-Chang Pei and Wen-Liang Hsue, "The Multiple-Parameter
  3. Discrete Fractional Transform," IEEE Signal Processing Letters, vol.
  4. discrete fractional random transform," Optics Communications,
  5. [6]Rafael C. Gonzalez Richard E. Woods, Digital Image Processing,
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡豐懋(2014)。離散分數傅立葉轉換在影像浮水印之應用。中原大學通訊工程碩士學位學程學位論文。2014。1-76。 
  2. 蔡敏廣(2006)。我國中央機關組織法制之研究--以中央行政機關組織基準法為核心。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2006。1-253。 
  3. 王麗明(2017)。發展台灣地方特色農業與休閒觀光之關鍵成功因素研究。樹德科技大學會展管理與貿易行銷碩士學位學程學位論文。2017。1-73。
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