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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Albina, D. O., “Emissions from multiple - spouted and spout - fluid fluidized beds using rice husks as fuel.” Renewable Energy , 31: 2152-2163 (2006).
  2. Armesto, L., A, Bahillo., K, Veijonen., A, Cabanillas and J, Otero., “Combustion behavior of rice husk in a bubbling fluidized bed,” Biomass and Bioenergy , 23, 171-179 (2002).
  3. Bhattacharya, S, C and W, Wu., “ Fluidized Bed Combustion of Rice Husk For Disposal and energy Recovery,” Energy Biomass Waste, 591-601(1989).
  4. Chyang, C, S., K, T, Wu and C, S, Lin., “Emission of Nitrogen Oxides in a Vortexing Fluidized Bed Combustor,” Fuel ,86, 234-243 (2007).
  5. Chyang, C, S ., F, Duan ., S, M, Lin and Jim, S., “A study on fluidized bed combustion characteristics of corncob in three different combustion modes,” Bioresource Technology, 116,184–189 (2012)
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊智雲(2015)。渦旋式流體化床燃燒爐中床內燃燒份額之研究。中原大學化學工程研究所學位論文。2015。1-119。 
  2. 王源杰(2013)。渦旋式流體化床燃燒爐中以煙氣迴流燃燒花生殼之研究。中原大學化學工程研究所學位論文。2013。1-132。
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