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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 12 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1]S. S. Adams, J. Cass and D. S. Troxell, An extension of the channel-assignment problem: L(2,1) - labelings of generalized Petersen graphs, Circuits and Systems I, Regular papers, IEEE Transactions on Vol.53, 5, 1101 - 1107, 2006.
  2. [2]R. Broks, On colouring the nodes of a network, Proc. Cambridge Phil. Soc. 37, 194 - 197, 1941.
  3. [4]F. C. Chi, On (2,1)-total labeling of generalized Petersen graphs, Master's thesis of Chung Yuan Christian University, 2011.
  4. [5]J. R. Griggs and R. K. Yeh, Labeling graphs with a condition at distance two, SIAM J. Discrete Math. Vol.5, pp.585 - 595, 1992.
  5. [6]F. Havet and M. L. Yu, (p,1)-Total Labeling of graphs, Discrete Math. 308, 496-513, 2008.
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱美雅(2012)。大型重型機車不同組織認同車友認真性休閒、休閒效益與體驗幸福感影響關係之研究。高雄餐旅大學旅遊管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2012。1-187。 
  2. 郭哲君(2010)。體育志工社會支持、工作滿意對幸福感之影響研究—以2010年全國大專校院運動會志工為例。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2010。1-170。
  3. 周宜靜(2011)。內外控人格特質對工作生活平衡之影響-以工作壓力為中介變項。元智大學經營管理碩士班(領導學程)學位論文。2011。1-76。
  4. 涂鈺佩(2011)。休閒參與、休閒涉入、休閒效益對幸福感之研究-以雲林縣國小教師為例。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2011。1-119。
  5. 王麗雯(2012)。旅遊中餐飲體驗阻礙量表之建構。臺灣師範大學餐旅管理與教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-211。
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