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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林春宏(1990)《台灣省國民小學教室改善研究》
  2. 陳耀龍 (2004)《新設兒童美語 補習班經營策略之個案研究》
  3. 張繼文(1994)《企業識別系統設計對我國產業升級之重要性》教育部技術及職業教育司
  4. 參考文獻
  5. Lilian G.katz (2002.10) 譯者:廖鳳瑞 《與幼教大師對談》信誼基金出版社
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林淑穎(2011)。國民中學歷史教科書品格相關故事之內容分析。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-209。 
  2. 戴旭澤(2013)。國小社會領域歷史人物教學之探究-以神入歷史為例。國立臺北教育大學社會與區域發展學系學位論文。2013。1-132。 
  3. 林淑惠(2002)。台灣政治民主化對高中歷史教科書人物選擇的影響-以中國現代史為例。臺灣師範大學歷史學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2002。1-150。
  4. 王姝媚(2009)。歷史教學中的人物評價:施琅個案的研究。成功大學歷史學系學位論文。2009。1-155。
  5. 張婉萍(2011)。國中審定本教科書中歷史人物的編寫與教學--以秦漢史教材為例。臺灣師範大學歷史學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-189。
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