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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. *林會承,2011.04,台灣文化資產保存史綱。
  2. *程文騰,2006.02,桃園縣文化資產資料手冊,桃園縣政府文化局。
  3. *王健全,2001,再造傳統製造業競爭優勢,中華經濟研究院。
  4. *王譯鍾,2008,都市綠地作為環境教育場育之空間及活動模式應用研究。
  5. *林佳慧,2009,埔里廣興紙寮產業轉型之研究。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周德清(2013)。新豐鄉姜厝(朴樹林)多脊沙丘聚落生活地景之探討。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2013。1-289。 
  2. 薛惠萍(2008)。技職校院四技餐飲管理系學生職業生涯決策、職業成熟與職業定向之研究。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-115。 
  3. 徐瑋遙(2012)。自我決定理論之工作動機對工作倦怠與職涯選擇之影響關係-以技專院校觀光餐旅校外實習生為例。高雄餐旅大學餐旅教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-153。
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