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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 125 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁雅寧,2005,中國企業所得稅法改革之研究-兼論對台商之影響,國立台灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文,頁48。
  2. 王文杰,2008,嬗變中之中國大陸法制,國立交通大學出版社,(2版),頁173。
  3. 王振寰,1989,台灣的政治轉型及反對運動,台灣社會研究季刊,第二卷第一期。
  4. 共黨問題研究叢書編輯委員會,1993,中共十四大綜合研究,台北:法務部調查局,頁15。
  5. 朱雲漢、包宗和合著,2000,民主轉型與經濟衝突 90年代台灣經濟發展困境與挑戰,台北:桂冠圖書公司,頁156。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳虹芝(2014)。產業園區開發回饋制度改進方式之研究。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2014。1-101。 
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