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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.陳俊編著,1987,《台灣道路發展史》,台北:交通部運輸研究所。
  2. 13.劉文駿等,2003,《百年台灣鐵道》,台北:城邦文化事業股份有限公司。
  3. 5.胡燕琳,2001,《日治時期(1895~1945)新竹地區城鄉與建築發展》,中原大學建築學系碩士論文。
  4. 9.楊啟正,2006,《日治時期台灣州治城市的基礎空間型態比較》,國立成功大學建築學系碩士論文。
  5. 2.宋伯欽(譯)(2004七版)。都市意象(The image of the city)。台北,臺隆書店。(Kevin Lynch著)。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴彥汝(2012)。乳酸菌對於梔子萃取物治療小鼠感染幽門螺旋桿菌的影響。中國醫藥大學生物科技學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-91。 
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