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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王國政、柯炳式(2011)。主要先進國家社會網路應用實例。研考雙月刊,35(4),54-72
  2. 吳秀光、廖洲棚(2003)。運用資訊科技再造政府:以臺北市政府線上服務的推行為例。國家政策季刊,2(1),151-176
  3. 宋餘俠、林輝誼(2008)。擴大公文線上簽核落實節能減紙資安。研考雙月刊,32(5),96-102。
  4. 宋餘俠、徐嘉臨(2010)。電子化政府與綠能科技。研考雙月刊,34(4),9-19。
  5. 宋餘俠、蔡世田(2011),政府參與社會網絡新思維。研考雙月刊,35(4),10-22。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳淑銘(2013)。公文線上簽核系統使用之滿意度研究 -以經濟部為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-64。 
  2. 魏美娟(2008)。國語教科書首冊學習項目及學習順序之比較分析。臺東大學語文教育學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-188。 
  3. 鄭勝元(2015)。政府推動電子公文線上簽核政策執行之評估:以嘉義縣政府為例。中正大學政治學系政府與公共事務碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-217。
  4. 謝智萍(2015)。臺中市各區公所公文線上簽核系統使用者科技接受度與使用行為之研究。臺中科技大學企業管理系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-107。
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