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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 25 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 吳博欽、陳本盛 (2001),出口不穩定、避險措施與匯率轉嫁—台灣電子資訊與通信產業之實證分析,中原大學國際貿易學系碩士論文。
  2. 3. 莊春發 (1981),貿易集中度、出口不穩定、經濟成長-台灣之研究,經濟研究,23,139-51。
  3. 8. 陳美玲、王凱立、吳家豪 (2004),台灣對外直接投資、出口及匯率動態關聯之研究:多變量時間序列模型之應用,農業經濟半年刊,76期。
  4. 1. Ahtiala, P. and Y.E. Orgler (1995),“The Optimal Pricing of Exports Invoiced in Different Currencies,” Journal of Banking and Finance, 19, 61-77.
  5. 2. Carew, R. and W. J. Florkowski (2003), “Pricing to Market Behavior by Canadian and U.S. Agri-food Exporters: Evidence from Wheat, Pulse, and Apples,” Dornbusch, R. (1987),”Exchange Rate and Price,” The American Economic Review,77, 93-106.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊明芳(2015)。利率與物價對依時變動匯率轉嫁的影響。中原大學國際經營與貿易研究所學位論文。2015。1-63。 
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