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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] Joshua Morse, Joshua Palay, Yarun Luon and Satyendra Nainwal, “CarLoop: Leveraging Common Ground to Develop Long-term Carpools,” Computer Human Interaction, pp. 2073-2078, 2007.
  2. [3] Jun Zhang, Nikos Mamoulis, Dimitris Papadias and Yufei Tao, “All-Nearest-Neighbors Queries in Spatial Databases,” International Conference on Scientific and Statistical Database Management, pp. 297-306, 2004.
  3. [4] Leong Hou U, Nikos Mamoulis and Man Lung Yiu, “Computation and Monitoring of Exclusive Closest Pairs,” IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, pp. 1641 - 1654, 2008.
  4. [5] Manel Sghaier, Hayfa Zgaya, Slim Hammadi and Christian Tahon, “A Distributed Optimized Approach based on the Multi Agent Concept for the Implementation of a Real Time Carpooling Service with an Optimization Aspect on Siblings,” International Journal of Engineering, 2011.
  5. [6] Norbert Beckmann, Hans-Peter Kriegel, Ralf Schneider and Bernhard Seeger, “The R*-Tree: An Efficient and Robust Access Method for Points and Rectangles,” Special Interest Group on Management of Data, pp. 322-331, 1990.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃御涵(2015)。動態共乘之兩階段乘客搜尋架構。中原大學資訊工程研究所學位論文。2015。1-66。 
  2. 徐偉伶(2016)。代謝症候群及低劑量Aspirin、NSAIDs與發生大腸癌的影響因素之研究。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-74。
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