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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 290 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王彩鈴 (2004)。學習動機提昇教學方案融入英語科教學對國中生學習動
  2. 呂孟宜 (2009)。合作學習法對國中學生英語科學習動機與學習成就之影
  3. 林安妮 (2005)。多元智能英語教學對學習動機與學習成就之影響:以三位
  4. 俞齊親(2008)。高中女生參與課間操學習滿意度與學習成效之研究-以北
  5. 徐華助 (2006)。新竹縣國中生涯發展教育與技藝教育學程實施現況之研
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江仁山(2014)。國中生英語補救教學學習動機與學習成效關係之研究 -以新竹市「補救教學實施方案」為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-218。
  2. 吳志榮(2015)。補習班學生學習成效影響因素探討-國內某國、高中文理補習班之實證研究。朝陽科技大學企業管理系高階產業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-129。
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