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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王盈盈(2000)。企業管理策略在學校輔導行政上的應用。諮商與輔導,176。王鍾和、李勤川、陽琪(譯)(1991)。Arkoff 著。適應與心理衛生。台北:大洋出版社。
  2. 林姿葶、鄭伯壎(2007)。性別與領導角色孰先孰後?主管-部屬性別配對、共事時間及家長式領導。中華心理學刊,4,433-450。
  3. 吳玟芷(2007)。從美國 ASCA 全國模式省視國內輔導工作之現況。諮商與輔
  4. 吳麗娟(2001)。一個家校合作互動的金鑰匙-如何有效、輕鬆的進行親師溝通。2011年華人社會的教育發展系列研討會「教育對話」發表之論文,澳門大學。
  5. 周麗玉(2001)。「輔導行政」是「輔導專業」整體呈現。諮商與輔導,183。
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