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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁惠琪(2000)。合作學習應用在國小數學教學之探究。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  2. 王正國(2003)。引導式網路互動學習模式之研究。靜宜大學資訊管理系碩士論文,未出版,台中。
  3. 吳輝遠(2001)。國小教師應用網際網路於數學教學之個案研究。國立台灣師範大學資訊教育系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 洪志明(2000)。「第三次國際數學與科學教育成就研究」後續調查果報導。科學教育月刊,235,70-72。
  5. 馬秀蘭(2004)。數學乘除問題情境發展之研究--以BBS為管道。科學教育學刊,12(1),53-81。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李鈺紋(2012)。影響新北市國小教師使用數位遊戲式學習之因素及其使用現況調查分析。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-106。 
  2. 許綾娟(2009)。兩位國小自然科教師學科教學知識發展與比較 之個案研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-132。 
  3. 林璟禧(2008)。認知學徒制融入國小六年級 數學合作學習之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-152。 
  4. 呂芬英(2008)。協同教學對國小六年級學生數學學習成效之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-144。 
  5. 林璟平(2008)。協同教學發展國小數學教師PCK之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-144。 
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