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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 146 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳清山(1998)。學校效能研究。台北:五南。
  2. 徐漢陽(2003)。我國科技研發機構研發領導模式之研究。中原大學企業管理學系碩士學位論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  3. 高士傑(1996)。幼稚園園長領導型式、總務主任準備度與組織效能關係之研究。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 張春興(1995)。張氏心理學辭典。台北:東華。
  5. 張賜光(2003)。桃園縣國中校長轉型領導與學校效能關係之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳景祥(2010)。特殊教育學校校長領導與行政人員工作滿意度之研究。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2010。1-182。 
  2. 陳慈妤(2009)。國小校長領導風格與學校行政人員工作壓力關係之研究-以桃竹苗四縣市為例-。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-171。 
  3. 張婉君(2009)。國民小學校長第五級領導、教師組織公民行為 及學校效能關係之研究:以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-299。 
  4. 鍾稀文(2008)。兒童主日學教師之組織承諾 —以桃園地區基督教會為例。中原大學宗教研究所學位論文。2008。1-178。 
  5. 李馨嫻(2007)。國中導師領導風格與學生學習態度、學 業成就、生活適應之關聯性研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-180。 
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