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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 160 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 18.台灣區車輛同業工會(2001/5),台灣車輛產業概況
  2. 20.王昭鼎 (2003/1), 從顧客關係管理探討汽車產業與其水平週邊產業發展策略之研究,
  3. 21.何家鳴 (2004), 壽命型商品在JIT生產環境下之存貨模式, 中原大學工業工程研究所
  4. 23.李宏學 (2004), 汽車製造商與零件供應商互動模式之建構研究~ 以兩岸中為體系為
  5. 25.林明新 (2004), 汽車製造商多樣少量產之JIT交貨模式之研究,中原大學工業工程
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃綉雅(2017)。公部門低性別比例員工優先進用升遷之研究—比較法之觀察。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2017。1-230。 
  2. 張林燁(2008)。鋁合金輪圈業導入豐田生產方式關鍵因素之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-73。
  3. 汪辰駿(2008)。中衛體系下JIT物流系統的建構。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2008。1-78。
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