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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 148 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王進量(2003)。桃園縣國民小學教師實施九年一貫課程行政配合之探討。元智大學管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  2. 吳怡萱(2002)。教育決策權力平衡之研究--以九年一貫課程決策為例。國立師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺中市。
  3. 林生傳(2004)。臺灣近期教育改革的透視與省思。教育學刊,23,1-36。
  4. 洪詠善(2000)。國民教育階段九年一貫課程總綱綱要決策過程之研究。國立臺北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  5. 桃園縣政府(2005)。94學年度桃園縣國民中小學名冊。桃園縣:作者。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李純慧(2008)。臺灣地區知覺性環境人權指標系統雛型建立之研究。臺灣大學環境工程學研究所學位論文。2008。1-118。 
  2. 劉盛佑(2008)。台北縣國民小學教師教學信念取向與教育政策執行效能認知之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-160。
  3. 陳雅妍(2011)。桃園縣國中健康與體育學習領域實施現況與困境分析之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-210。
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