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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邢敏華(2001)。大學生對手語課與手語進階課之意見調查:以國立台南師範學院為例。特殊教育復健學報,9,159-180。
  2. 張蓓莉(1989)。啟聰學校的過去、現在與未來。特殊教育季刊,33,20-27。
  3. 陳怡君(2003)。台灣地區聾人手語選用情形與現行手語政策之探討。國立政治大學語言學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 劉秀丹(2004)。啟聰學校學生文法手語、自然手語及書面語故事理解能力之研究。國立彰化師範大學特殊教育學系博士論文。
  5. Antia, S. D., & Kreimeyer, H. K.(2001). The role of interpreters in inclusive classroom. American Annals of the Deaf, 146(4), 355-365.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 童素儀(2012)。大專校院聽障生人際關係、自我概念與手語翻譯需求性之相關性研究。臺中科技大學企業管理系事業經營碩士班學位論文。2012。1-72。
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